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The parsonage in Salem Villageas photographed in the late 19th century The present-day archaeological site of the Salem Village parsonage In Salem Village, in FebruaryBetty Parrisage 9, and her cousin Abigail Williamsage 11, the daughter and niece, respectively, of Reverend Samuel Parris, began to have fits described as "beyond the power of Epileptic Fits or natural disease to effect" by John Halethe minister of the nearby town of Beverly.
Deodat Lawsona former minister in Salem Village. A doctor, historically assumed to be William Griggs could find no physical evidence of any ailment. Other young women in the village began to exhibit similar behaviors.
When Lawson preached as a guest in the Salem Village meetinghouse, he was interrupted several times by outbursts of the afflicted. Some historians believe that the accusation by Ann Putnam Jr. At the time, a vicious rivalry was underway between the Putnam and Porter families, one which deeply polarized the people of Salem.
Citizens would often have heated debates, which escalated into full-fledged fighting, based solely on their opinion of the feud. She was accused of witchcraft because of her appalling reputation.
At her trial, she was accused of rejecting Puritan ideals of self-control and discipline when she chose to torment and "scorn [children] instead of leading them towards the path of salvation". She was accused of witchcraft because the Puritans believed that Osborne had her own self-interests in mind following her remarriage to an indentured servant.
The citizens of the town disapproved of her trying to control her son's inheritance from her previous marriage. She was accused of attracting girls like Abigail Williams and Betty Parris with stories of enchantment from Malleus Maleficarum. These tales about sexual encounters with demons, swaying the minds of men, and fortune-telling were said to stimulate the imaginations of girls and made Tituba an obvious target of accusations.
Brought before the local magistrates on the complaint of witchcraft, they were interrogated for several days, starting on March 1,then sent to jail. Martha Corey had expressed skepticism about the credibility of the girls' accusations and thus drawn attention.
If such upstanding people could be witches, the townspeople thought, then anybody could be a witch, and church membership was no protection from accusation.
Dorothy Good, the daughter of Sarah Goodwas only four years old, but not exempted from questioning by the magistrates; her answers were construed as a confession that implicated her mother.
In Ipswich, Rachel Clinton was arrested for witchcraft at the end of March on independent charges unrelated to the afflictions of the girls in Salem Village. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The men were both local magistrates and also members of the Governor's Council. Objections by Elizabeth's husband, John Proctorduring the proceedings resulted in his arrest that day. Abigail Hobbs, Mary Warren, and Deliverance Hobbs all confessed and began naming additional people as accomplices.
On April 30, the Rev. Mary Eastey was released for a few days after her initial arrest because the accusers failed to confirm that it was she who had afflicted them; she had been arrested again when the accusers reconsidered.
In May, accusations continued to pour in, but some of those suspects began to evade apprehension. Until this point, all the proceedings were investigative, but on May 27,William Phips ordered the establishment of a Special Court of Oyer and Terminer for Suffolk, Essex and Middlesex counties to prosecute the cases of those in jail.
Warrants were issued for more people. Sarah Osborne, one of the first three persons accused, died in jail on May 10, Warrants were issued for 36 more people, with examinations continuing to take place in Salem Village: When the Court of Oyer and Terminer convened at the end of May, the total number of people in custody was It is very certain that the Devils have sometimes represented the Shapes of persons not only innocent, but also very virtuous.
Though I believe that the just God then ordinarily provides a way for the speedy vindication of the persons thus abused. The Court of Oyer and Terminer This section needs additional citations for verification. April Chief Magistrate William Stoughton — Bridget Bishop's case was the first brought to the grand jury, who endorsed all the indictments against her.
Bishop was described as not living a Puritan lifestyle, for she wore black clothing and odd costumes, which was against the Puritan code.
When she was examined before her trial, Bishop was asked about her coat, which had been awkwardly "cut or torn in two ways". She went to trial the same day and was convicted. On June 3, the grand jury endorsed indictments against Rebecca Nurse and John Willard, but they did not go to trial immediately, for reasons which are unclear.
Bishop was executed by hanging on June 10, Immediately following this execution, the court adjourned for 20 days until June 30 while it sought advice from New England's most influential ministers "upon the state of things as they then stood.
The afflicted state of our poor neighbours, that are now suffering by molestations from the invisible world, we apprehend so deplorable, that we think their condition calls for the utmost help of all persons in their several capacities.
We cannot but, with all thankfulness, acknowledge the success which the merciful God has given unto the sedulous and assiduous endeavours of our honourable rulers, to detect the abominable witchcrafts which have been committed in the country, humbly praying, that the discovery of those mysterious and mischievous wickednesses may be perfected.The Salem Witch Trials took place in Salem in the Province of Massachusetts Bay between Historians believe the accused witches were victims of mob mentality, mass hysteria and scapegoating.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Austrian princess Maria Antonia, child bride of the future French King Louis XVI. Their marriage was an attempt to bring about a major change in the balance of power in Europe and to undermine the influence of Prussia and Great Britain, but she had no say in the matter and was the pawn of her mother, the Empress Maria Theresa.
While the term 'witch-hunt' has become part of our common vocabulary, it has roots in the hysteria that befell Salem Village, Massachusetts, at the close of the seventeenth century.
Causes for the Outbreak of Witchcraft Hysteria in Salem. 1.
Strong belief that Satan is acting in the world"The invisible world": disease, natural catastophes, and bad fortune attributed to . Marks of a Witch. Written and compiled by George Knowles.
The marks of a witch has often been confused with the Devil’s mark and throughout history mistakenly used interchangeably. What Caused The Salem Witch Trial Hysteria Of Mass Hysteria during the s and s. As examples of mass hysteria, both the Salem Witch Trials and the Cold War caused turmoil during their respective time period.
Although very different time periods, the s Salem Witch Trials and the s Cold War were both dramatic examples of mass hysteria (Campbell).