Robert Fine and Wilma Cozart Fine c.
When it began, North and South Korea existed as provisional governments competing for control over the Korean peninsula, due to the division of Korea by outside powers. He then pushed north, capturing Pyongyang in October. Chinese intervention the following month drove UN forces south again.
MacArthur then planned for a full-scale invasion of China, but this was against the wishes of President Truman and others who wanted a limited war.
He was dismissed and replaced by General Matthew Ridgeway. The war then became a bloody stalemate for the next two and a half years while peace negotiations dragged on. The Vietnam War began in The Viet Minh began an assassination campaign in early An article by French scholar Bernard Fall published in July concluded that a new war had begun.
The operation was a military success, but after the United States and Soviet Union united in opposition to the invasion, the invaders were forced to withdraw.
This was seen as a major humiliation, especially for the two Western European countries, and symbolizes the beginning of the To what extent can the 1950s of colonialism and the weakening of European global importance, specifically the collapse of the British Empire. Algerian War — — An important decolonization war, it was a complex conflict characterized by guerrilla warfaremaquis fighting, terrorism against civilians, use of torture on both sides and counter-terrorism operations by the French Army.
The war eventually led to the independence of Algeria from France. Internal conflicts[ edit ] Fidel Castro becomes the leader of Cuba as a result of the Cuban Revolution Cuban Revolution — — The overthrow of Fulgencio Batista by Fidel CastroChe Guevara and other forces resulted in the creation of the first communist government in the Western hemisphere.
The Mau Mau began retaliating against the British in Kenya. This led to concentration camps in Kenya, a British military victory, and the election of moderate nationalist Jomo Kenyatta as leader of Kenya.
The wind of destruction began in Rwanda in following the assault of Hutu politician Dominique Mbonyumutwa by Tutsi forces. This was the beginning of decades of ethnic violence in the country, which culminated in the Rwandan Genocide.
Decolonization and Independence[ edit ] Decolonization of former European Colonial empires. The Federation of Malaya peacefully gained independence from the United Kingdom in French rule ended in Algeria inVietnam left French Indo-china in The rival states of North Vietnam and South Vietnam were formed.
Cambodia and the Kingdom of Laos also gained independence, effectively ending French presence in Southeast Asia. Large-scale decolonization in Africa first began in the s. InLibya became the first African country to gain independence in the decade, and in the Algerian War began. On November 1,two Puerto Rican nationalists staged an attempted assassination on U.
The leader of the team Griselio Torresola had firearm experience and Oscar Collazo was his accomplice. They made their assault at the Blair House where President Truman and his family were staying. Torresola mortally wounded a White House policeman, Leslie Coffeltwho shot Torresola dead before expiring himself.
Collazo, as a co-conspirator in a felony that turned into a homicide, was found guilty of murder and was sentenced to death in but then his sentence was later commuted to life in prison. On 7 Julythe first Group Areas Act was promulgated by the Parliament of South Africa and implemented over a period of several years.
The passing of the Act contributed significantly to the period of institutionalised racial segregation and discrimination in South Africa known as Apartheidwhich lasted from to One of the most famous uses of the Group Areas Act was the destruction of Sophiatowna suburb of Johannesburgwhich began on the 9th of February Establishment of the Non-aligned Movementconsisting of nations not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
The maximum territorial extent of countries in the world under Soviet influenceafter the Cuban Revolution of and before the official Sino-Soviet split of Asia[ edit ] The U. Japan held democratic elections and recovered economically. In — France tried to contain a growing communist insurgency led by Ho Chi Minh.Livia, Interesting that your children looked at is as going back in time.
It sounds like lots of folks out there agree with the idea that the analogy to the s fits. Perhaps when measured against the Great Depression of the s, the world war of the s, the strife of the s, and the malaise of the s, the s were indeed fabulous.
'50s pop culture From Barbie dolls to "the day the music died," the Fifties Web is chock full of '50s pop culture. The s are noted in United States history as a time of compliance, conformity and also, to a lesser extent, of rebellion.
events during the decade included: the Korean War (–);. Do you feel your energy fade after you see all the negative news about our world? Headlines that seem to say things are getting worse everyday. Sep 13, · Watch video · As the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States intensified in the late s and early s, hysteria over the perceived threat posed by Communists in the U.S.
became known as the. The American civil rights movement started in the mids. A major catalyst in the push for civil rights was in December , when NAACP activist Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a .