The ordeal of reconstruction

Immortalized as the "Great Emancipator," he is widely regarded as a champion of black freedom who supported social equality of the races, and who fought the American Civil War to free the slaves. While it is true that Lincoln regarded slavery as an evil and harmful institution, it is also true, as this paper will show, that he shared the conviction of most Americans of his time, and of many prominent statesmen before and after him, that blacks could not be assimilated into white society. He rejected the notion of social equality of the races, and held to the view that blacks should be resettled abroad. As President, he supported projects to remove blacks from the United States.

The ordeal of reconstruction

Hynes Introduction William Edward Burghardt DuBois, to his admirers, was by spirited devotion and scholarly dedication, an attacker of The ordeal of reconstruction and a defender of freedom. Labeled as a "radical," he was ignored by those who hoped that his massive contributions would be buried along side of him.

Martin Luther King, Jr. DuBois because history has to reflect truth and Dr. DuBois was a tireless explorer and a gifted discoverer of social truths. His singular greatness lay in his quest for truth about his own people.

There were very few scholars who concerned themselves with honest study of the black man and he sought to fill this immense void. The degree to which he succeeded disclosed the great dimensions of the man. At that time Great Barrington had perhaps 25, but not more than 50, Black people out of a population of about 5, Consequently, there were little signs of overt racism there.

Nevertheless, its venom was distributed through a constant barrage of suggestive innuendoes and vindictive attitudes of its residents. This mutated the personality of young William from good natured and outgoing to sullen and withdrawn.

This was later reinforced and strengthened by inner withdrawals in the face of real discriminations. His demeanor of introspection haunted him throughout his life.

While in high school DuBois showed a keen concern for the development of his race. At age fifteen he became the local correspondent for the New York Globe. And in this position he conceived it his duty to push his race forward by lectures and editorials reflecting upon the need of Black people to politicized themselves.

DuBois was naturally gifted intellectually and took pleasurable pride in surpassing his fellow students in academic and other pursuits. Upon graduation from high school, he, like many other New England students of his caliber, desired to attend Harvard.

However, he lacked the financial resources to go to that institution. But with the aid of friends and family, and a scholarship he received to Fisk College now Universityhe eagerly headed to Nashville, Tennessee to further his education.

This was DuBois' first trip south. He saw discrimination in ways he never dreamed of, and developed a determination to expedite the emancipation of his people.

Consequently, he became a writer, editor, and an impassioned orator. And in the process acquired a belligerent attitude toward the color bar. Also, while at Fisk, DuBois spent two summers teaching at a county school in order to learn more about the South and his people.

There he learned first hand of poverty, poor land, ignorance, and prejudice. But most importantly, he learned that his people had a deep desire for knowledge. After graduation from Fisk, DuBois entered Harvard via scholarships classified as a junior. As a student his education focused on philosophy, centered in history.

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It then gradually began to turn toward economics and social problems. As determined as he was to attend and graduate from Harvard, he never felt himself a part of it. Later in life he remarked "I was in Harvard but not of it. DuBois completed his master's degree in the spring of However,shortly before that, ex-president Rutherford B.

Hayes, the current head of a fund to educate Negroes, was quoted in the Boston Herald as claiming that they could not find one worthy to enough for advanced study abroad.

DuBois' anger inspired him to apply directly to Hayes. His credentials and references were impeccable. He not only received a grant, but a letter from Hayes saying that he was misquoted. DuBois chose to study at the University of Berlin in Germany.

It was considered to be one of the world's finest institutions of higher learning. And DuBois felt that a doctor's degree fromnthere would infer unquestionable preparation for ones life's work.The Reconstruction era was the period from to in American schwenkreis.com term has two applications: the first applies to the complete history of the entire country from to following the American Civil War; the second, to the attempted transformation of the 11 ex-Confederate states from to , as directed by Congress.

'I Did Nothing Wrong' German Gulag Prisoners Recall Their Postwar Ordeal Thousands of Germans, including teenagers, were forced to toil in Stalin's labor camps after World War II. When they were. The History of Virginia begins with documentation by the first Spanish explorers to reach the area in the s, when it was occupied chiefly by Algonquian, Iroquoian, and Siouan peoples.

After a failed English attempt to colonize Virginia in the s by Walter Raleigh [citation needed], permanent English colonization began in Virginia with Jamestown, .

Introduction William Edward Burghardt DuBois, to his admirers, was by spirited devotion and scholarly dedication, an attacker of injustice and a defender of freedom. The 'Great Emancipator' and the Issue of Race. Abraham Lincoln's Program of Black Resettlement.

The ordeal of reconstruction

By Robert Morgan. Many Americans think of Abraham Lincoln, . Full text and audio mp3 of Harry S. Truman - "The Truman Doctrine".

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