The four types of research methods

Research Methods To understand the use of statistics, one needs to know a little bit about experimental design or how a researcher conducts investigations. A little knowledge about methodology will provide us with a place to hang our statistics. In other words, statistics are not numbers that just appear out of nowhere. Rather, the numbers data are generated out of research.

The four types of research methods

Animals Types Of Qualitative Research Methods Qualitative research is a general term that includes several types of qualitative research methods that are employed, in order to provide an adequate explanation for certain phenomena and satisfying answers to the questions that such phenomena may raise.

Any particular situation is characterized by certain interactions which are unique to that situation. In such a situation the roles of the various types of qualitative research methods is to provide the researcher with an in-depth analysis of the situation and a meaningful interpretation of the role of those involved in that situation.

Home - Nursing Resources - LibGuides at University of Wisconsin-Madison Ebling Library

In other words, qualitative research, does not aim to merely describe a series of events, but rather to understand the nature of the experience that people have of that events. There are basically four types of qualitative research methods: Grounded theory is a qualitative method that uses first-hand information and second-hand sometimes as the grounds upon which the researcher can base his inferences so that he builds a new theory.

Newton is said to have been sitting under an apple tree thinking about the mysteries of the universe, when he saw an apple falling from the tree and hitting the ground. Supposedly this was enough to infer the idea of gravity. The only empirical first-hand evidence he had was that at one moment the apple was hanging from the tree and the next moment he watched that same apple crashing onto the ground.

In plain wards, grounded theory seeks to explain how and why something functions the way it does, based on empirical evidence and the power of inference. Phenomenology, on the other hand, tries to shed light on the structures of consciousness so that we can get a better grasp of the nature of subjective experience.

The third major approach to qualitative research is ethnography, which focuses on the cultural perception of an event. The last of the four types of qualitative research methods is case study research, which examines a person or a situation separately from others.

The four types of research methods

This type of research method is often employed by psychologists and psychiatrists, when they are dealing with a patient whose case presents unprecedented characteristics.

No one can really say grounded theory, for example, is better that the other three types of qualitative research methods and no one shouldsince all types of qualitative research methods offer a unique perspective and shed light on a situation from a different angle.An introduction to research methods in Sociology covering quantitative, qualitative, primary and secondary data and defining the basic types of research method including social surveys, experiments, interviews, participant observation, ethnography and longitudinal studies.

Case studies, surveys, naturalistic observation, and laboratory observation are examples of descriptive or correlational research methods. Using these methods, researchers can describe different events, experiences, or behaviors and look for links between them.

the use of multiple methods to study a research problem (methodological triangulation) In some studies, qualitative and quantitative methods are used simultaneously. In others, first one approach is used and then the next, with the second part of the study perhaps expanding on the results of the first.

There are four main types of quantitative research designs: descriptive, correlational, quasi-experimental and experimental. The differences between the four types primarily relates to the degree the researcher designs for control of the variables in the experiment.

Different Research Methods - How to Choose an Appropriate Design?

Types of research Experiments People who take part in research involving experiments might be asked to complete various tests to measure their cognitive abilities (e.g.

word recall, attention, concentration, reasoning ability etc.) usually verbally, on paper or by computer. Types of research Experiments People who take part in research involving experiments might be asked to complete various tests to measure their cognitive abilities (e.g.

word recall, attention, concentration, reasoning ability etc.) usually verbally, on paper or by computer.

SparkNotes: Research Methods in Psychology: Research Methods