This growth was seen in the Indian export after a long dull period of 19 months. There have always been many problems related to Indian export, with it giving more importance to inbound-oriented import over promotion of export trade. Apart from that, many constraints like financial constraints, credit constraints or export constraints were also the reason behind the 1.
Bangladesh in one of the 48 least developed countries measured in terms of per capita income, literacy rate and contribution of manufacturing to GDP. Foreign trade policy in this regard can contribute in alleviating poverty by encouraging investment in those industries that are based on labor intensive technologies and allow women to be included in labor force.
So far entrepreneurs of RMG are not directly involved in international marketing. But after the year the market will be open for all the producers and they will have to take the responsibility to market their products directly.
The RMG sector has experienced an exponential growth since the s. The sector contributes significantly to the GDP. It also provides employment to around 4. An overwhelming number of workers in this sector are women.
This has affected the social status of many women coming from low income families. Bangladesh-origin products met quality standards of customers in North America and Western Europe, and prices were satisfactory. Business flourished right from the start; many owners made back their entire capital investment within a year or two and thereafter continued to realize great profits.
Some 85 percent of Bangladeshi production was sold to North American customers, and virtually overnight Bangladesh became the sixth largest supplier to the North American market. After foreign businesses began building a ready-made garment industry, Bangladeshi capitalists appeared, and a veritable rush of them began to organize companies in Dhaka, Chittagong, and smaller towns, where basic garments--men's and boys' cotton shirts, women's and girls' blouses, shorts, and baby clothes--were cut and assembled, packed, and shipped to customers overseas mostly in the United States.
With virtually no government regulation, the number of firms proliferated; no definitive count was available, but there were probably more than firms bywhen the boom was peaking. After just a few years, the ready-made garment industry employed more thanpeople. According to some estimates, about 80 percent were women, which was never noticed previously in the industrial work force.
Many of them were woefully under paid and worked under harsh conditions. The net benefit to the Bangladeshi economy was only a fraction of export receipts, since virtually all materials used in garment manufacture were imported; practically all the value added in Bangladesh was from labor.
Ready-made garments manufactured in Bangladesh are divided mainly into two broad categories: Shirts, T-shirts and trousers are the main woven products and undergarments, socks, stockings, T-shirts, sweaters and other casual and soft garments are the main knit products.
Woven garment products still dominate the garment export earnings of the country. Although various types of garments are manufactured in the country, only a few categories, such as shirts, T-shirts, trousers, jackets and sweaters, constitute the major production-share.
Economies of scale for large-scale production and export-quota holdings in the corresponding categories are the principal reasons for such a narrow product concentration.
Recent surveys carried out by the consulting firm McKinsey and the accounting firm KPMG identified attractive prices as the most important reason for purchasing in Bangladesh.
Price levels will remain highly competitive in the future, since significant efficiency increases will offset rising wage costs. Besides labour cost and duty advantage, raw materials and real estate costs are also cheaper in Bangladesh. There is also no doubt that Bangladesh is benefitting from various preferential trade agreements providing tax free entry into several dozen countries.
But Bangladesh has its own challenges to overcome. Impediments to investment include unreliable power supply, high real interest rates, corruption, and weaknesses in law and order.
History of Apparel Industry in Bangladesh: There were only 9 export oriented garment manufacturing industry inearned only 1 million dollar.
Some of them were very small, produced RMG for local market as well. Four such small and pioneer garments were Reaz garments, Paris garments, Jewel garments and Boishakhi garments.
Reaz garments established inas a small tailoring outfit, named Reaz store in Dhaka. Served only domestic market of its initial 15 years. Init changed its name to Reaz Garments Ltd and started to export by selling 10 pieces of shirt to France, valued 13 million franc in That was the first direct export of apparel.“There is simply no way to overstate the fresh water crisis on the planet today.” Maude Barlow and Tony Clarke, Blue Gold: The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World's Water A water crisis of catastrophic proportions is about to explode.
The global financial crisis, brewing for a while, really started to show its effects in the middle of and into Around the world stock markets have fallen, large financial institutions have collapsed or been bought out, and governments in even the wealthiest nations have had to come up with rescue packages to bail out their financial systems.
The economy of India is a developing mixed economy. Engineering is the largest sub-sector of India's industrial sector, by GDP, and the third-largest by exports.
In –07, major export commodities included engineering goods, petroleum products, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, gems and jewellery, textiles and garments, agricultural.
The history of Agriculture in India dates back to Indus Valley Civilization Era and even before that in some parts of Southern India. Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm schwenkreis.comlture and allied sectors like forestry and fisheries accounted for % of the GDP (gross domestic product) in , about 50% of the workforce.
The economic contribution of agriculture to India's GDP is. India’s top 10 exports accounted for % of the overall value of its global shipments. Iron and steel was the fastest growing among the top 10 export categories up % from to In second place for improving Indian export sales were mineral fuels including .
These were the major problems that are creating a hindrance in the India’s export business. In addition to that, there are many other factors like language difference, lack of information, jealousy among companies and corruption at borders that can be stopping people making an export trade with India.