The Philippines, in turn, expressed its determination to surpass India, by outshining its Asian neighbors in a variety of outsourcing industries, from customer support to animation. As a consistent IT giant in offshore outsourcing industry, India exults in its IT-talented workforce ranking second in the world. This gives India an edge in information technology which is an essential part of outsourcing operations.
Original Citation Western people have, over the past three centuries, confidently applied their own understandings and forms of organisation to the rest of the world. They have done this in the sure knowledge that these represent the most advanced, developed and sophisticated of all forms of understanding and organisation available to human beings.
To introduce those forms to non-Western people has been to start them on the road to development, short-cutting the historically long and thorny route taken by Western Europeans in achieving their advanced state of organisation and understanding.
Amongst the important influences on governments and people in Third World countries have been the reification of 'the state' and 'the people' in most discussion of Third World nations and peoples and the formulation of governmental policies based on that reification.
This reorganisation has usually been undertaken as an exercise in 'modernising' non-Western communities. The modernisation thesis, 2 espoused in various forms and with various emphases by most development specialists over the past fifty years, has been an optimistic one.
It has assumed that, for those nations which genuinely and consistently implement the necessary social, political and economic changes, transformation into modem industrialised countries is inevitable. The state has been assumed to be a self-existent entity, separate from the communities which it controls, and able to impose necessary changes, however radical, on its populace.
Important responsibilities placed on new nation-states by these specialists have included establishing those institutions necessary to economic development, and providing the social and political climate necessary to stimulate self-interested, competitive material accumulation, leading, it is assumed, to an inevitable 'take-off into self-sustained economic growth' cf Rostow Because most political and economic theorists and practitioners believe that 'traditional' societies are being transformed into modern societies, with traditional features destined for oblivion, Third World communities have been regarded as transient.
Problems encountered by 'traditionally orientated' individuals and communities are assumed to be, in large measure, consequences of this shift to modernity. So, rather than focusing on the social problems of such communities, one needs to step up the pace of modernisation.
Third World governments, it has been believed 3 should, therefore, in the face of the breakdown of law and order and social cohesion in traditional communities, more rigorously implement those measures which will transform them into industrialised communities, with all the advantages of such a transformation.
The dissolution of the old is a necessary precursor and concomitant of modernisation and the state should keep its eyes firmly fixed on that goal, not deviating to attend to problems which are inevitable, but transient consequences of moving toward it.
Various solutions have been proposed to combat underdevelopment. Central to these solutions is the role assigned to the state as the 'engine of development'.
Until recently, it was thought that an authoritarian state could better perform 'developmentalist' tasks.
In recent years, the state has been invested with the capacity to move toward democracy, which presumably will lead to socioeconomic development. The belief in the state is reinforced by the call to 'bring-the-state-back-in', according to which the state and its policies reflect almost autonomous institutions and the actions of those occupying these institutions.
As Max Weber claimed of Western government, relationships are transformed into objective, instrumental, depersonalised forms. Politicians are not directly responsible to and identified with the people they represent and not directly in control of the impersonalised institutional bureaucracies through which government policies are carried out.
In the Third World, these presumptions are difficult to sustain.critique stems from a conjunctural analysis of the Philippine nation-state: its postcolonial and postauthoritarian circumstances require a departure from the anticolonial nationalisms of the Philippine Revolution of and the antidictatorship movements of the Marcos period.
and other Indonesian generals used to lay the ideological. Indonesian nationalism was (and still is) by no means monolithic. Just and multiple character of Philippine nationalisms.
Viewed from the perspective of the development of Philippine nation- period particularly relevant to the comparative analysis of . The Philippines, the East Asian ‘developmental states’ and education: a comparative analysis of why the Philippines failed to develop Mark Maca College of Education, University of the Philippines, Philippines Correspondence [email protected] Nationalism can be defined as a feeling of a group of people, united together by powerful ties such as, common race, language, and culture.
It is an extremely effective force that influences the life of mankind politically, socially and economically. Jan 18, · Between Tradition and Revolution: Nationalism in Malaya and Indonesia a comparative analysis shows how differently these two nationalisms are based on its leadership and representation in mass politics.
combined with the Pancasila, shaped the Indonesian worldview based on nationalism, internationalism, unanimity, well .
India vs. Philippines: A Comparative Analysis Between the Global Leaders in Outsourcing India, the world’s current global leader in outsourcing has found a strong competitor in the Philippines.
The Philippines, in turn, expressed its determination to surpass India, by outshining its Asian neighbors in a variety of outsourcing industries, .