Early American writers first had to ensure their own survival before they could think about writing for entertainment. These early writings were more about keeping historical records than of creating something with literary value, so these works would be narratives, descriptions, observations, reports, journals, and histories.
Feminist drama[ edit ] Trifles is seen as an example of early feminist drama. The two female characters, Mrs. The men, meanwhile, are blinded by their cold, emotionless investigation of material facts. The female characters find the body of a canary, with its neck wrung, killed in the same way as John Wright, thus leading them to the conclusion that Minnie was the murderer.
The plot concludes with the two women hiding the evidence against Minnie. The male characters are prejudiced in believing that nothing important can be discovered in areas of the house where Minnie spent most of her time.
Their minds are clouded by prejudice and they disregard important clues as being mere "trifles" that women concern themselves with. They search the barn and the bedroom, places where men have dominance, rather than the kitchen, the only place where a woman would be in charge.
One important line, spoken by the sheriff, says of the kitchen "Nothing here but kitchen things. The men scorn the domestic sphereeven kicking some of the items in contempt.
The two women, having pieced together the murder, face the moral dilemma of telling the men about the motive or protecting Minnie, whom they see as a victim.
Their choice raises questions about solidarity among women, the meaning of justice, and the role of women in society as a source of justice. Themes[ edit ] One of the constant themes and focuses of the story is the divide between the psychology of men and women. One of the differences in psychology shown in the play is that women need a sense of community and do not fare well with loneliness, while men seem to be able to cope with loneliness.
There is also a theme of justice within the play, as the wives of the men recognize that Minnie was abused by her husband, and hide the evidence against her so that she will not be found guilty.
The women side with Minnie and understand why she chose to kill her husband. Another point worth noting is that both Martha and Mrs. When the women talk about her, they use the name Minnie only when talking about her past. When she was a free-spirited, single woman her name was Minnie.
This represents her happiness. The Women refer to her as Mrs. Wright when talking about her more recently. They talk as if Minnie died when she was married and Mrs.
Wright took her place. The free-spirit died and was replaced by an isolated wife. The use of her names varies to demonstrate this metaphorical death. The cold weather freezes and breaks her preserve jars, symbolizing the cold environment of her home breaking her spirit, as well as the coldness which causes the characters to fail in human empathy towards each other.
The cold weather can also symbolize how Mr. The male characters are clear symbols of "law" and cold rationality, while the women display an intuitiveness representative of the psychoanalytic movement, evoking an interrogation of the value of superficial rational thought.
Modern theatre[ edit ] The main "players" in the murder, Minnie the murderer and John Wright the murderedare never seen on stage. Their lives and personalities are fleshed out in the dialogue of other characters. The small cast and understated scenery both serve to turn the audience to the inward lives of the characters.
Adaptations[ edit ] The play was adapted by James P. Trifles, a chamber opera in one act, premiered in Berkeley, Californiaat the Live Oak Theatre on June 17 and 19, It was composed by John G.
Bilotta, and its libretto was written by John F. The chamber opera is scored for five singers and six instrumentsincluding a piano, and it requires some basic stage props. As in the play, the central figures Mr.
Wright are absent from the cast of characters. Instead, through the libretto, Lewis Hale reenacts the events surrounding the discovery of Mr. Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, Retrieved 20 April This course was created by Rebecca Epperly Wire.
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Credits: 1 Recommended: 10th, 11th, 12th (This is typically the 11th grade course.) Prerequisite: Literature. Trifles by Susan Glaspell is a short story about female prejudice, the women is this story must make a decision that will affect the life of another woman accused of murdering her husband.
The Story deals with the murder of Mr. John Wright/5. Uncovering the Mysteries Surrounding the Death of Mr. Wright in Trifles by Susan Glaspell. In a murder case, it is believed that the only person who knows the truth is the schwenkreis.com play composed by Susan Glaspell in is based on the murder of John Wright where the prime suspect is his wife, Minnie schwenkreis.com: 7.
Playwright Susan Glaspell's one-act play, written in , is loosely based on true schwenkreis.com a young reporter, Glaspell covered a murder case in a small town in Iowa.
Years later, she crafted a short play, Trifles, inspired . - Response to Trifles by Susan Glaspell The play “Trifles” by Susan Glaspell is type of murder mystery that takes place in the early ’s. The play begins when the sheriff Mr. Peters and county attorney Mr. Henderson come to attempt to piece together what had happen on the day that Mr.
Wright was murder. Susan Glaspell got her inspiration for Trifles from her real-life visit to the dreary kitchen of Margaret Hossack, whose trial for the murder of her husband formed the basis for the plot, and accordingly, the setting establishes the melancholy, thoughtful mood of the play.